In simple terms, mulch is a layer farmers apply on the surface of their farm to boost their farming activities. Mulch have the following benefits.
Benefit of mulch is that it helps in soil water conservation to help the plants grow normally. The mulch conserve the soil moisture by controlling the temperature of the soil and trap the moisture. Organic mulch is very important to agriculture sector because, despite the climate, a farmer is able to carry on his/her farming activities. Temperature of the soil moist is reduced to the point of converting to water before it escapes into the atmosphere.
The second importance of mulch is that it protects the top fertile soil from being eroded by rainwater. Agents of erosion carry away loose top fertile soil leaving behind infertile hard soil. In case topsoil which is rich in mineral and fertility is carried away, the land becomes unproductive to a farmer. Unproductive farm is useless to a farmer since no crop can do well in it due to lack of ingredients. Agent of soil erosion like the wind which carries away loose soil. A land that has lost its loose topsoil becomes so difficult to till or work on because what remains is the hard soil which is unproductive.
The use of mulching on a farm improves the fertility. When organic mulch decompose in the soil, the fertility is boosted. Compared to inorganic fertilizers, organic manure is very cheap and affordable. When mulch decomposes into manure, the soil acidity is improved which translates to the proper growth of crops in a farm.
The fourth advantage of using mulch is that is used to naturally control the weeds in the farm. Mulch suppress the growth of weed by cutting the supply of necessities for seed germination. Some of the components necessary for germination include air, water, warmth, and minerals. The supply of air is reduced by a great percentage leading to failure of weed seed to germinate and instead decompose and become manure which boosts the soil fertility.
Fifthly, mulch is very cheap and affordable to almost all farmers. There is no course for learning how to prepare mulch. Companies that sell mulch have favorable prices and they deliver the mulch to the farm of a customer.
The sixth benefit of using mulch is that they can be used for decoration purposes and authentic purposes. River stones that are used to mulch city trees are very monumental and appealing to the eyes. They contain different colors and some are shiny and to add on the beauty of a tree or flowers makes the environment look nice.
Organic mulch does not have negative impacts on the environment. Manure from mulch enhance soil aeration and water conservancy.